The polymath Humboldt occupied himself with numerous fields of research: from volcanology to geology, from cartography, earth magnetism, botany and zoology, ethnology and economics, agriculture and mining to astronomy, meteorology and marine science. Scientific disciplines such as physical geography, climatology and ecology and oceanography regard Humboldt as their founder.
The objective of his expeditions and research was to obtain all of the knowledge about the world and to thus understand the synergy between all the natural forces. His late works, the five-volume “Cosmos. A Sketch of a Physical Description of the Universe” is up to now unique in its holistic approach. His Cosmos Lectures at the University of Berlin were seen as the cultural highlight in 1826 in Berlin.